Obesity (Bariatric) Surgery

The incidence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity is a chronic disease and treatment is extremely difficult. When not treated, it can cause health problems associated with obesity, social and economic problems, as well as adversely affect the quality of life. Although there are risks, effective and long-term success in the treatment can be achieved today, but surgical methods can be achieved. All morbid obesity (body / mass index 40 and above) can be nominated for bariatric surgery.

How is the Body Mass Index calculated?

Body mass index is the number of body weights divided by the square of the body and is evaluated in the following intervals.

  • 0 - 18.4: (Thin / Slim)

This indicates that you are not at the appropriate weight according to your height and that you are weak. Weakness is a risky and undesirable condition for some diseases. You should be well-balanced and balanced to reach the appropriate weight for your height and make sure to improve your eating habits.

  • 18,5 - 24,9: Normal

This indicates that you are of the appropriate weight according to your height. You should have a balanced diet and regular physical activity to maintain this weight.

  • 0 - 29.9: Overweight

Indicates your body weight is higher than your height. Being overweight causes obesity (obesity), which is a risk factor for many diseases unless necessary precautions are taken.

  • 0 - 34.9: Fat (Obese) - Class I

Your body weight is higher than your height, in other words, it is an indication that you are fat. Obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, etc. are risk factors for chronic diseases. It is very important for your health to go to a health facility by, increasing the control of the physician/dietician to reach the normal weight. Please contact your health care provider.

  • 35,0 - 44,9: Obese - Class II

Your body weight is higher than your height, in other words, it is an indication that you are fat. Obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, etc. are risk factors for chronic diseases. It is very important for your health to go to a health facility by increasing the control of the physician/dietician to reach the normal weight. Please contact your health care provider.

  • 0 and above: Overweight (Over Obese) - Class III

Your body weight is higher than your height, in other words, it is an indication that you are fat. Obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, etc. are risk factors for chronic diseases. It is very important for your health to go to a health facility by increasing the control of the physician/dietician to reach the normal weight within the nearest possible time. Please contact your health care provider immediately.

All risks should be taken into account when planning surgical treatment. In the treatment of morbid obesity, the surgeon needs the necessary consultation with the specialist physicians and special surgical equipment and hardware/tools; adequate follow-up facilities are required. Bariatric surgery was started to be applied in the 1950s and different surgical methods were defined. The most common procedure in the world today is a gastric bypass (65%). This is followed by a 24% gastric banding rate.

Gastroplasty with vertical banding/tape (5%) and biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (4%) are less common methods. All procedures are performed laparoscopically more frequently than classic open surgery. Gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, duodenal switch, and gastric band gastroplasty are approx. 55, 100, 30 and 30%, respectively.

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